怎么样搭建lamp(CentOS7+Apache+MySQL+PHP)环境

本身在网上搜了诸多城门失火材料,然后自身进行了一晃重组,把重复的破除,不另行的采用性获取过滤,整合完了之后在本土虚拟机上尝试搭建了下,很顺畅的搭建成功。

在网上搜资料,本身在地头虚拟机上尝试搭建,弄了方方面面一天一夜,终于弄好了.
网上的材料,纵然很多,但几乎都以再一次的,拿去试明白后,又很多都无法收获不错的结果.最后找到了符合本身的linux环境的搭建方式;在此间贴出来:
Install Apache, PHP And MySQL On CentOS 7
(LAMP)

度娘真不给力啊,没搜出来可相信的格局。最终用喜乐搜找到的可信赖的课程。

虚拟机:win10种类自带的虚拟机Hyper-v(虚拟机都几乎)

此处如故要统计一下自个儿的LAMP环境的搭建步骤。
本身先在总括机里装了虚拟机,在虚拟机中测试了数次之后,再在服务器上搭建的。
说说本人的环境:
虚拟机是:VMware-workstation-full-8.0.0-471780.exe;
Linux系统用的是:CentOS-7-x86_64-Minimal-1503-01.ios;(Ali云上也是用的CentOS7-64bit)
居安虑危好那三个之后,就早先一步一步搭建大家的LAMP环境了。

Linux系统:centos7

壹 、安装虚拟机

推荐先在虚拟机中测试了未来,再在服务器上搭建环境。

二、安装CentOS7

壹 、安装虚拟机

注意:以下安装,我都是用的root权限。

二、安装CentOS7

三、安装Apache
1.安装
yum -y install httpd
2.开启apache服务
systemctl start httpd.service
3.安装apache服务开机运转
systemctl enable httpd.service
4.验证apache劳务是还是不是安装成功
在本机浏览器中输入虚拟机的ip地址,CentOS7查看ip地址的艺术为:
ip addr
(阿里云不需求用那种措施查看,外网ip已经在您主机列表那里给你写出来了的;)
那边是造访不成事的
(阿里云用外网访问,能学有所成,不必要做以下步骤)
查了资料,说法是,CentOS7用的是Firewall-cmd,CentOS7此前用的是iptables防火墙;要想让外网能访问到apache主目录,就须要做以下的操作:
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
firewall-cmd --reload
下一场再拜访外网ip,假诺看到apache默许的页面–有Testing
123…字样,便是水到渠成安装了apache服务了;

注意:以下安装,我都是用的root权限。

四、安装PHP
1.安装
yum -y install php
2.重启apache服务
systemctl restart httpd或者systemctl restart httpd.service
然后,你可以写贰个php文件在浏览器中运维一下了;
eg:
vi /var/www/html/info.php
i
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Esc
:wq
下一场,在祥和电脑浏览器输入 192.168.1.1/info.php
运作,会产出php的部分消息

三、安装Apache
1.安装
yum -y install httpd
2.开启apache服务
systemctl start httpd.service
3.设置apache服务开机运维
systemctl enable httpd.service
4.验证apache服务是或不是安装成功
在本机浏览器中输入虚拟机的ip地址,如果见到apache默许的页面–有Testing
123…字样,便是打响安装了apache服务了。

五、安装MySQL
本身这里依照所学的拾分教程,也设置了玛丽亚DB
1.安装
yum -y install mariadb-service mariadb
2.开启MySQL服务
systemctl start mariadb.service
3.安装开机运行MySQL服务
systemctl enable mariadb.service
4.安装root帐户的密码
mysql_secure_installation
接下来相会世一串东西,可以仔细读一下,假如您懒得读,就在指示出来的时候,按Enter就好了,让您设置密码的时候,你就输入你想要的密码就行,然后继续在让您挑选y/n是,Enter就好了;当全部截止的时候,你可以输入mysql -uroot -p的措施,验证一下;

CentOS7查看ip地址的不二法门为:
ip addr
访问应该是败退的,原因如下:
查了材料,说法是,CentOS7用的是Firewall-cmd,CentOS7此前用的是iptables防火墙;要想让外网能访问到apache主目录,就须要做以下的操作:
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
firewall-cmd --reload
下一场再拜访外网ip,就足以了。

陆 、将PHP和MySQL关联起来
yum search php,采用你必要的安装:yum -y install php-mysql

四、安装PHP
1.安装
yum -y install php
2.重启apache服务
systemctl restart httpd或者systemctl restart httpd.service
然后,你可以写三个php文件在浏览器中运作一下了;
eg:
vi /var/www/html/info.php
i
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Esc
:wq
下一场,在祥和电脑浏览器输入 10.17.1.223/info.php
运行,会现出php的片段新闻

柒 、安装常用的PHP模块
例如,GD库,curl,mbstring,…
1.安装:
yum -y install php-gd php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-snmp php-soap curl curl-devel
2.重启apache服务
systemctl restart httpd.service
接下来,再度在浏览器中运作info.php,你汇合到安装的模块的新闻;

五、安装MySQL
安装MariaDB
1.安装
yum install mariadb mariadb-server mariadb-libs mariadb-devel
2.开启MySQL服务
systemctl start mariadb.service
3.设置开机运营MySQL服务
systemctl enable mariadb.service
4.数据库安全设置

迄今截止,LAMP环境就搭建好了。

[root@localhost ~]#
mysql_secure_installation

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT
IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ
EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MariaDB to secure
it, we’ll need the current
password for the root user. If you’ve
just installed MariaDB, and
you haven’t set the root password yet,
the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter
here.

Enter current password for root (enter
for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving
on…

Setting the root password ensures that
nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper
authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n]
y

New password:
Re-enter new password:
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
… Success!

By default, a MariaDB installation has
an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to
have a user account created for
them. This is intended only for testing,
and to make the installation
go a bit smoother. You should remove
them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]
y

… Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to
connect from ‘localhost’. This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the
root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]
n

… skipping.

By default, MariaDB comes with a
database named ‘test’ that anyone can
access. This is also intended only for
testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production
environment.

Remove test database and access to it?
[Y/n] y

  • Dropping test database…
    … Success!
  • Removing privileges on test
    database…
    … Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will
ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]
y

… Success!

Cleaning up…

All done! If you’ve completed all of the
above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be
secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB!

5.登陆数据库测试

[root@localhost ~]# mysql -uroot
-p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands
end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is
11
Server version: 5.5.52-MariaDB MariaDB
Server

Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle,
MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type ‘help;’ or ‘\h’ for help. Type
‘\c’ to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]> show
databases;
+——————–+
| Database |
+——————–+
| information_schema |
| mysql |
| performance_schema |
+——————–+
3 rows in set (0.02 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]>

⑥ 、将PHP和MySQL关联起来
``yum -y install php-mysql

7、安装常用的PHP模块
例如,GD库,curl,mbstring,…
1.安装:
yum -y install php-gd php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-snmp php-soap curl curl-devel
2.重启apache服务
systemctl restart httpd.service
接下来,再度在浏览器中运行info.php,你相会到安装的模块的消息;

由来,LAMP环境就搭建好了。

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注

网站地图xml地图